Types of Plastering Materials: Comparing Options for Your Project

Types of Plastering Materials: Comparing Options for Your Project
  1. Plastering Basics: Understanding Your Choices
  2. Advanced Plastering Options
  3. Pre-Plastering Considerations
  4. Troubleshooting Common Issues
  5. Types of Plastering Materials FAQs

Have you ever thought about all the different types of plastering materials you can use? 

It can be a bit overwhelming!

Each type has its own special qualities that work well in different situations. Whether you want to make a room look nice, protect your walls from the weather, or create a peaceful and quiet space, there’s a plastering option that’s perfect for you. 

Knowing about these choices will help you get the exact finish you want.

Plastering Basics: Understanding Your Choices

Plastering Basics: Understanding Your Choices

Choosing the right plastering material can feel like solving a tricky puzzle. 

There are so many varieties, from old-school lime mixes to modern gypsum-based formulas. Each one has its own special qualities that work well in different situations. 

To make the best choice, you need to consider things like durability, setting time, and the type of surface you’re working with.

It’s important to think about the specific needs of your project. 

If you’re in a hurry, plasterboard adhesive with its quick setting time might be the way to go. On the other hand, if you’re working on an old building or a damp area, lime plaster’s breathability could be a big advantage.

The right plastering material is like a trusted partner, combining skillful application with the right formula to give you a finish that lasts.

Types of Plastering Materials

When it comes to plastering materials, it’s essential to understand the different types available to determine the best one for your specific project. Here are some common types of plastering materials:

Lime Plaster

Lime plaster is a traditional material that has been used for centuries. It is made by mixing lime, sand, and water.

Lime plaster offers excellent breathability, making it suitable for older buildings or areas where moisture control is important. It is also flexible and can withstand some movement without cracking.

Gypsum Plaster

Gypsum plaster, also known as plaster of Paris, is a popular choice for interior walls and ceilings. It is made by heating gypsum, a naturally occurring mineral, to remove the water content.

Gypsum plaster sets quickly and provides a smooth finish. It is fire-resistant and offers good sound insulation properties.

Cement Plaster

Cement plaster, also known as cement render, is a mixture of cement, sand, and water. It is commonly used for exterior walls and provides a strong, durable finish.

Cement plaster is weather-resistant and can withstand harsh conditions. It requires proper curing to prevent cracks and needs reinforcement on corners and junctions.

Clay Plaster

Clay plaster is an eco-friendly and breathable option for plastering. It is made from natural clay mixed with sand, fibres, and additives.

Clay plaster offers good thermal insulation and regulates humidity levels. It is particularly suitable for sustainable and energy-efficient buildings.

Synthetic Plaster

Synthetic plaster is a modern alternative that combines the benefits of different materials. It is a pre-mixed product that may contain a combination of cement, gypsum, or other additives.

Synthetic plaster offers faster application and drying times. It is often used for high-quality finishes and decorative purposes.

Selecting the Right Mix for Durability

When it comes to choosing a plaster mix, durability is important for long-lasting results.

If you have a high-moisture area, go for cement-based plasters. They’re water-resistant and can handle the dampness.

Gypsum plaster gives you a smooth finish and is often the go-to plaster material of choice, however it might not be the best choice for really wet conditions unless you add some extra stuff to it.

Lime plaster is great when it comes to durability. It works great for historical restorations as well as new buildings because it’s flexible and lets your walls breathe.

If you’re working on a project outside, or doing external rendering, acrylic plasters are the way to go. They’re tough and can handle the weather without cracking or wearing down.

Clay plaster is an eco-friendly option that is made from natural clay and sand. It is breathable, non-toxic, and has excellent thermal properties.

Make sure to find a balance between strength and flexibility. You don’t want to sacrifice one for the other and end up with expensive repairs later on.

Advanced Plastering Options

Advanced Plastering Options

If you’re looking for the ultimate plastering finish, venetian plaster is a great choice. It’s made from crushed marble and lime, giving your walls a shiny, 3D look. Applying it takes serious skill and craftsmanship, with layer upon layer creating a timeless polished finish that’s both durable and stunning.

For a modern twist, you might want to check out magnetic plaster. It’s just like regular gypsum plaster in texture, but it has special magnetic properties. That means you can stick magnets to it! It’s perfect for turning your wall into a cool gallery or an interactive space. Magnetic plaster brings together functionality and style in your home or workplace. The possibilities are endless!

Thermal and Acoustic Solutions

When comparing different types of plastering materials, don’t forget about the thermal and acoustic properties. Choosing the right materials can make a big difference in the comfort and peacefulness of your spaces.

Some plastering materials have the ability to insulate against heat loss and reduce noise. For example, gypsum plasters with insulating additives can help you save on heating costs. And if you want a quieter environment, there are also additives that absorb sound vibrations.

For thermal insulation, there are plasters with perlite or vermiculite mixed in. These lightweight materials not only keep the heat in, but they’re also easy to apply. They can really boost the energy efficiency of your project if you use them right.

These materials combine the best of traditional plaster with modern technology, giving you a smooth finish and a functional barrier that makes your living spaces even better. If you incorporate these solutions early on, you’ll have a perfect balance of looks, comfort, and energy efficiency.

Eco-Friendly and Sustainable Practices

Being eco-friendly and sustainable is really important when it comes to plastering materials. Not only does it help the planet, but it’s also good for your health and your wallet.

If you want to make sure your living spaces are breathable and non-toxic, go for natural plasters. They create a healthier home environment.

There are lots of sustainable practices in plastering. Using recycled materials and applying natural lime and clay plasters are just a couple of examples. These practices reduce waste and give your space a unique and environmentally responsible look.

To make buildings last longer, we can use modern advancements like UV-resistant and breathable plasters. It’s crucial to think about sustainability from start to finish, from choosing the right materials to using the best techniques. That way, our constructions are not only strong, but also have a smaller ecological footprint.

As we keep up with new innovations, the focus on “green” in plastering is changing the way we build responsibly.

Pre-Plastering Considerations

Pre-Plastering Considerations

Before you start plastering, it’s really important to carefully check the surface you’ll be working on.

 Make sure it’s clean, stable, and free from dust or grease. This will help the plaster stick better and last longer. 

If there are any structural problems, fix them before applying the plaster. Plastering over a damaged surface can cause issues down the line.

Also, think about the environment where you’re working. Humidity and temperature can affect how the plaster dries and the final result. So, choose the right plaster for the job to get the best outcome.

Surface Preparation Essentials

Properly preparing the surface is key to a successful plastering job. Here are some important steps to follow:

  1. Get it clean: Remove any dust, dirt, or debris. This helps the plaster stick better and gives you a smoother finish.
  2. Fix it up: Take care of any cracks, holes, or uneven spots. You want a solid surface for the plaster to adhere to.
  3. Prime time: If needed, apply a primer. This helps the plaster grip, especially on smooth or non-porous surfaces.
  4. Check for dryness: Make sure the surface is dry. Wet surfaces can cause the plaster to come loose or even grow mould.
  5. Tape it off: Use masking tape to protect any areas you don’t want to get plaster on. This keeps your work neat and precise.

Remember, taking the time to prepare the surface properly is crucial for a job well done. A clean and stable surface is like a blank canvas for your plastering skills.

Tools and Equipment for Efficient Application

Having the right tools in your toolbox is super important for getting that perfect plaster finish. 

Here are some key essentials:

  1. Hawk and trowel: These are your go-to tools for applying plaster smoothly and evenly. They give you the support and control you need for a professional outcome.
  2. Mixing paddle or drill: You’ll need one of these to mix your plaster and get rid of any lumps. Make sure you choose a sturdy mixer for consistent results.
  3. Finishing trowels and feather edges: These tools help you apply the plaster with long, smooth strokes. They reduce the risk of leaving marks and help you achieve a flat and refined surface. Paying attention to detail here is what separates the amateurs from the pros.
  4. Corner trowels: These are great for creating perfect right angles and clean lines. They give your plastered edges a sharp and visually appealing look that shows off your expert craftsmanship.
  5. Variety of trowels: Pointing, gauging, and bucket trowels all have their own purposes in plastering. Having them in your toolkit ensures you can achieve a meticulous and high-quality finish.

Remember, in plastering having good quality tools is just as important as having the skills to use them.

Troubleshooting Common Issues

Troubleshooting Common Issues

When plaster doesn’t stick well or starts flaking off, it’s usually because the surface wasn’t clean or primed properly. 

It’s important to make sure the background is clean and prepped. Any dust, dirt, or grease can mess with the plaster’s ability to stick.

Moisture problems in the wall can also cause issues with adhesion. So, check for any dampness or residue from previous coverings before you start plastering.

If you see cracks or air bubbles after applying the plaster, it’s usually because you worked it too much or added too much air while mixing. 

To avoid these problems, follow the instructions on the plaster mix and apply it with confidence. 

Being hesitant can lead to these common issues that can be avoided. 

Addressing Cracks and Efflorescence

Dealing with cracks in plaster is important to keep your walls looking smooth. You’ve got to fix those cracks right away to prevent them from getting worse.

Cracks happen for different reasons, like shifts in the structure, or not applying the plaster properly. 

When you’re fixing cracks, you need to figure out what caused them first. If it’s a bigger problem with the structure, you might need to reinforce the wall before re-plastering. But if it’s just a small crack, you can fill it in and smooth it out to make it look nice again.

Efflorescence is a white powdery substance that shows up on your walls. It’s just salt coming out of the plaster.

 It doesn’t hurt anything, but it doesn’t look good. 

To get rid of it, you need to clean the wall really well and find out what’s causing the moisture that’s making it happen. Fixing the moisture problem will help keep the efflorescence from coming back.

Dealing with these issues is all about taking action at the right time and using the right materials and methods. Using the right fillers, treatments for efflorescence, and sealants can help a lot. 

Learning how to mix and apply plaster correctly, as well as paying attention to the environment, can help prevent these problems from happening in the first place. That way, homeowners and professionals can keep their walls looking good and strong.

Preventing Moisture and Mould Growth

To keep moisture and mould away, you need a solid moisture barrier. Good ventilation is also important, especially in places like bathrooms and kitchens where humidity can be high.

Using anti-mould paints or additives on internal walls and ceilings is a smart move. It helps prevent mould from growing and keeps your home healthy and clean.

If you spot any leaks, fix them right away. That way, you can stop the conditions that mould loves before it has a chance to take hold.

Pay attention to signs like condensation and damp patches. They could be a sign of a bigger problem. Take action early to prevent mould from making itself at home.

Lastly, regular maintenance is key. Keep an eye out for any issues and clean things up before they become a big problem for your plasterwork.

Types of Plastering Materials FAQs

What is gypsum plaster and how is it used in plastering?

Gypsum plaster, also known as plaster of Paris, is a versatile material used in construction for plastering. It is a white powder obtained by heating gypsum to remove water. It can be mixed with water to form a paste for application on walls and ceilings.

Gypsum plaster is easy to apply, sets quickly, and provides a smooth finish. It is fire-resistant and offers sound insulation. However, it is not suitable for areas with constant water exposure.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of using lime plaster?

Lime plaster has advantages such as breathability, flexibility, durability, and eco-friendliness.

However, it requires specific skills, is more expensive, has a longer curing time, and may not be readily available. Consider these factors when choosing plaster for your home.

How does cement plaster differ from other types of plastering materials?

Cement plaster is a strong and durable plastering material that offers excellent adhesion and resistance to water damage. It is ideal for high-performance applications and areas exposed to moisture. However, proper skill and technique are required for application.

Overall, cement plaster can provide a long-lasting and visually appealing finish for your walls.

What are the characteristics of clay plaster and when is it used?

Clay plaster is a natural and versatile wall finish made from clay, sand, and other natural materials.

It is breathable, providing a healthy indoor environment, and offers excellent thermal insulation. It is durable, resistant to mould, and can be applied in various textures and finishes.

Clay plaster is suitable for new construction and renovations, making it a popular choice for eco-friendly and sustainable homes.

Are there any specific considerations for using plastering materials in exterior applications?

When using plastering materials for exterior applications, consider the climate, prepare the surface properly, choose the right plastering material, use appropriate tools, and perform regular maintenance. These steps ensure durability and a long-lasting finish.

Sanding Tools: The Complete Guide to a Professional Finish

Sanding Tools: The Complete Guide to a Professional Finish
  1. Essential Sanding Basics
  2. Manual Sanding Tools
  3. Power Sanding Solutions
  4. Sanding Safety & Cleanup
  5. Sanding Tools Summarised

Achieving a perfectly smooth surface is the cornerstone of a professional finish. The right sanding tools are imperative to avoid imperfections at the finished result.

Today, there are lots of different sanding tools available that are designed to reach every corner of your project. These tools help you achieve a professional finish that meets high standards.

Having a variety of tools is important, but knowing how to use them properly is key to getting the best results.

Essential Sanding Basics

Essential Sanding Basics

To get a perfect finish, it’s important to know about the sandpaper grit scale. This scale tells you how rough or smooth the sanding tools are.

You choose between coarse, medium, and fine grits depending on what you need for your plaster surface. Coarse grits are good for removing material fast, while fine grits give you that extra smooth finish.

It’s also really important to think about dust extraction and dust-free sanding systems. These help keep your work area clean and protect your health.

Choosing the Right Grit

Choosing the right sandpaper grit is important if you want a smooth surface. Start with coarse grits to get rid of a lot of material quickly, then switch to finer grits to make it even smoother.

When you’re getting close to the finish line, go for grits that gradually get finer. This way, you’ll refine the surface step by step, without skipping any important parts of the sanding process.

Remember, lower grit numbers mean coarser sandpaper that’s good for heavy-duty material removal.

It’s all about the progression: coarse grits prep the surface, medium grits smooth out transitions, and fine grits give you that perfect final touch. Each step sets you up for the next one, so you can achieve a professional-grade finish.

Sanding Techniques

To get a perfect finish, you need to use the right sanding techniques and follow the grit progression. If you’re not careful, you might end up with an uneven and unsatisfactory surface.

When sanding by hand, use a flexible sanding block to apply consistent pressure. This is especially important on corners and edges to avoid uneven spots or gouges.

When using a power sander, be gentle and don’t press too hard. Keep the machine moving smoothly to distribute the sanding evenly. Also, make sure to sand in the same direction to minimise scratches and achieve a professional finish.

Remember, being patient and paying attention to the grain of the material is key to getting a great end result.

Manual Sanding Tools

Manual Sanding Tools

Manual sanding tools are a must-have for getting a smooth finish on different surfaces.

You’ve got your sandpaper sheets, sanding blocks, and even tools like contour sanders and drywall sanding sponges. The range of manual sanding tools is diverse and they really get the job done.

Using manual sanding tools gives you total control and precision, which is especially important for detailed work or tight spaces where power tools might be too strong. You need a steady hand and a good understanding of the material to avoid messing up the surface.

Sanding Blocks Simplified

Sanding blocks are essential for getting that smooth and polished look by hand.

They’re simple but effective tools that help you achieve a flat and smooth surface, which is crucial for a professional finish. By evenly distributing pressure on the sandpaper, they make sanding more efficient and give you better results. Unlike power sanders, they won’t accidentally sand too much or create uneven textures. So, you can trust them to keep the surface looking its best.

Sanding blocks are great for all kinds of materials and won’t break the bank.

They’re easy to use and cost-effective. Just hold onto them tightly and move them back and forth over the surface. They’re handy for sanding flat and curved areas because they can adapt to different shapes. Wrap them with the right sandpaper and they become an essential tool in any professional’s sanding kit.

And the best part? You can easily refresh them by changing the sandpaper.

Over time, they might wear out a bit, but you can simply replace the sandpaper and they’re good as new. This makes them a durable and eco-friendly option too.

Adding sanding blocks to your toolkit will level up your sanding game, make your work more efficient, and support sustainable practices. Plus, they’re a budget-friendly alternative to power sanders, without sacrificing that professional finish.

Whether you’re a DIY enthusiast or a pro, sanding blocks are a smart investment for achieving top-notch surface preparation and finishing.

Different Shapes for Different Tasks

When it comes to sanding, the shape of your tool makes a big difference in getting that perfect finish.

  • Block Sanders – Great for flat surfaces and edges.
  • Detail Sanders – Perfect for getting into tight corners and intricate areas.
  • Random Orbital Sanders – Best for giving larger flat areas a smooth and swirl-free finish.
  • Belt Sanders – Used for quickly removing a lot of material on big, flat surfaces.
  • File Sanders – Perfect for narrow spaces and sharp edges.
  • Contour Sanders – Designed to easily sand curves and shapes.

Choosing the right shape of sander is important for getting the job done efficiently and getting a high-quality result.

Different projects call for different sanding tools, so it’s important to understand what each one is best for.

Power Sanding Solutions

Power Sanding Solutions

When you need fast and consistent results, power sanders are a game-changer. They combine speed and precision to make sanding a breeze. With different abrasive grades, electric sanders are a must-have for professionals, especially when dealing with large surface areas.

Choosing the right power sander is like picking the perfect brush for a masterpiece. Orbital sanders give wood a smooth finish, while belt sanders are great for heavy-duty material removal.

Picking the right tool is key to making sanding easier and more efficient. Skilled operators can use these tools to make surfaces super smooth, ready for paint or varnish.

Electric Sanding Tools Explained

Electric sanders bring precision and power to the table, making sanding a breeze. With electric operation, you can say goodbye to the physical strain and focus on getting that perfect finesse.

There’s a wide variety of electric sanders available, each designed for specific needs and materials. 

From the delicate touch of random orbital sanders to the aggressive power of belt sanders, these tools are engineered to perform their best in their own niche. 

Whether you’re a professional or a DIY enthusiast, knowing about these tools is crucial for getting a super smooth surface.

Investing in an electric sander means investing in quality and efficiency. 

Features like variable speed control, dust extraction systems, and ergonomic designs make sanding a more enjoyable and productive experience. With the right electric sander, you can complete time-consuming projects to a higher standard in a fraction of the time.

Battery-Powered Versatility

Cordless sanders are a game-changer in the workshop.

They give you unmatched mobility since you’re not tied down to power outlets or extension cords. This means you can work anywhere, which is a game-changer for professionals who need to move around a lot. When it comes to outdoor or on-site projects, battery-powered sanders are a lifesaver.

Battery technology has come a long way.

Modern cordless sanders are a testament to this progress. They use lithium-ion batteries that offer longer run times and consistent power output. So, even during long periods of use, you can count on reliable performance without the power fading as the battery charge goes down.

Swap batteries, keep the momentum going.

Investing in a cordless sanding system, especially from a brand that offers batteries that work with multiple tools, ensures that your workflow won’t be interrupted. Having multiple batteries means you can use one while another charges, so you can keep making progress on those long sanding tasks.

Battery capacity keeps getting better.

Thanks to advancements in battery technology, sanding tools can now have higher capacity and efficiency. Manufacturers are still focused on finding the perfect balance between lightweight design and powerful output to enhance the user experience.

Sanding Safety and Cleanup

Sanding Safety and Cleanup

When you’re sanding, it’s really important to protect yourself with the right gear. 

Make sure to wear a dust mask or respirator, safety goggles, and hearing protection. This will keep you safe from inhaling harmful dust and protect your eyes and ears from the noise and debris.

To keep the workspace safe, it’s crucial to clean regularly. Use an industrial vacuum cleaner with a fine dust filter to prevent the buildup of combustible dust. This will help maintain a safe environment.

In addition to wearing protective gear, it’s a good idea to have good ventilation in the sanding area. You can use a dust extraction system or a fan to help disperse airborne particles and reduce the risk of respiratory issues.

After you’re done sanding, it’s important to clean up properly. This not only shows professionalism, but also minimises the chance of dust affecting future finishes.

Protective Gear Must-Haves

Putting your personal safety first is key when it comes to sanding.

Here is some important safety gear to consider:

  • Safety Goggles: Protect your eyes from airborne particles.
  • Dust Mask or Respirator: Prevent inhalation of harmful dust.
  • Hearing Protection: Keep your ears safe from loud noise.
  • Protective Gloves: Get a good grip and protect your hands.
  • Long-Sleeved Clothing: Cover up to minimise dust on your skin.

Choosing the right safety gear is crucial, especially for long sanding sessions.

Using the proper protective equipment shows professionalism and care.

Efficient Dust Management

Keeping dust under control is crucial for maintaining a clean work environment and protecting your health. 

Choosing the right dust extractor that matches your tool’s specifications is essential for effective dust management and a smoother sanding process.

Since 2010, sanding technology has improved with integrated dust extraction systems. 

These systems work together with the tool to collect dust as you work, keeping the surface clean. 

This is especially valuable for professionals who need precise results and DIY enthusiasts who want a high-quality finish.

To take a proactive approach to dust management, you can use anti-static sanding sheets or meshes. 

These materials are designed to reduce dust sticking to the workpiece, giving you a cleaner surface and a healthier breathing environment. This also improves visibility and accuracy while sanding.

Proper maintenance of your equipment is also important for effective dust management. Regularly clean filters, check for proper seals, and replace dust bags as needed. 

A well-maintained system reduces downtime and prevents the spread of fine dust particles in your workspace.

Remember, excellent dust control not only shows your attention to detail but also demonstrates your commitment to health, safety, and producing top-notch work.

Sanding Tools Summarised

Sanding Tools Summarised

Getting a flawless finish requires the right sanding tools.

A professional plasterer needs a variety of sanders in their toolkit, like orbital, belt, and hand sanders. Each one has its own purpose. For example, orbital sanders are great for large, flat surfaces, while hand sanders or detail sanders are perfect for detailed and intricate areas.

Using the right tool is key to getting precise results.

Factors like the grit size and type of sander can make a big difference in the outcome of your project. It’s important to choose a tool that feels comfortable to use and has good vibration control to prevent fatigue during long periods of sanding.

Investing in quality tools is important for durability and reliable performance.

The sanding landscape is always evolving, with new technologies and designs. These advancements offer more efficient and user-friendly options that can handle different textures and meet specific project requirements. They give you the precision you need to achieve a professional finish.

Benefits of Using the Level 5 MiniShot

Benefits of Using the Level 5 MiniShot

Traditional Drywall Finishing 

Drywall finishing can be challenging when you don’t have the best tool for the job.

Manually finishing drywall, while possible, comes with several potential issues. These include being labour-intensive, time-consuming, messy and inadequate for large jobs or hard to reach areas. 

There are some tools that try to overcome these limitations, such as corner application boxes.

Corner boxes are a popular choice for finishing drywall. However, they rely on manually applied pressure, which can lead to an inconsistent finish and unnecessary strain on the upper body.

Level 5 MiniShot

Level 5, the producers of premium automatic taping tools, created the MiniShot to combat the drawbacks of outdated drywall finishing methods. 

The Level 5 MiniShot is a drywall finishing tool comprising of an oversized, clear, polycarbonate chamber for the compound. With a gas cylinder to effortlessly push the compound out of your chosen finishing head. An extender can also be added to the tool to maximise reach. 

Read on to learn more about why the Level 5 MiniShot is the ideal tool for your drywall finishing projects.

Benefits of the Level 5 MiniShot


Using the Level 5 MiniShot for finishing plaster is second to none when it comes to simplicity.

Push your chosen finishing head against the wall with minimal pressure to begin the flow of compound, without the need for twisting.

Once you’ve finished application to that section, simply release pressure to halt the compound release.

Additional Reach

The Level 5 MiniShot is 45.5 inches long and compatible with an 18-inch extender. The additional reach provided by this tool means that you can finish high walls and ceilings with ease.

With the extender applied, you maximise your reach to 63.5 inches. Negating the need for hop ups or stilts and reducing the time spent working at height whilst out on a job.

Without the extender attached, this lightweight tool can be used to finish drywall in tight spaces, such as cupboards and pantries, making it perfect for every project.

Reduced Strain

The no twist application and additional reach provided by the Level 5 MiniShot minimises strain to the upper body of both left and right handed plasterers.

With this lightweight tool, your back, shoulders and wrists can be comfortable, even when working for extended periods of time.

Flow Adjustment

You can control release of the finishing compound directly on the Mini Shot using the flow adjustment nut.

This flow adjustment allows you to have complete control over the release of compound, no matter the consistency of compound mixture or the pressure applied to the wall.

Powerful Flow

The back pressure provided by the gas cylinder creates a powerful flow of compound. Applying a range of mixtures is light work for the MiniShot’s gas cylinders, no matter how thick the compound.

Consistent Flow

The gas cylinder works in tandem with the flow adjustment settings to provide a consistent flow of finishing compound.

This means that you can finish drywall with high precision and get the same optimal result for every aspect of your project.

High Capacity

The Level 5 MiniShot also saves you taking unnecessary trips back to the pump.

The high capacity composite chamber means you can spend more time working and less time filling up your equipment.

Additionally, the clear chamber means you always know how much compound you have remaining – so there are no surprises when it comes to needing to head back to the pump.

Easy Cleaning

Cleaning the MiniShot is exceptionally easy – no disassembly required.

Featured on the MiniShot is a cleaning nozzle, attachable to garden hoses. Allowing you to fill the compound tube with water and flush out any leftover compound.

In the event you do want to disassemble your equipment, there are easy-to-use latches around the chamber so you can take apart your tool with ease.


The Level 5 MiniShot allows you to finish large and complex jobs with outstanding speed.

The simple application, effortless flow adjustment, large capacity and easy cleaning chamber speeds up the finish process.

With less application, mistakes, mess and fill-ups, jobs can be completed quickly in comparison to traditional finishing methods.

Multiple Finishing Applications

The Level 5 MiniShot is a tool suited for every drywall finishing project. 

The ball end is made of stainless steel and finishing heads from all leading manufacturers can be attached.

No matter if you’re flat finishing, or looking to finish inside or outside corners, the Level 5 MiniShot can be adapted to fit the needs of any job.

Plus, if you’re upgrading from an older finishing tool, such as a corner box, there’s no need to purchase specific finishing heads – reducing the cost and complexity of getting the MiniShot onto your next project.

The Level 5 MiniShot Summarised

The Level 5 MiniShot Summarised

The Level 5 MiniShot is an essential tool for professional drywallers and astute DIYers alike.

Manually finishing drywall and traditional tools such as corner boxes can get the job done, but at a sacrifice compared to the automated, power-assisted MiniShot.

Its simple, lightweight nature and thoroughly considered design mean you can complete more jobs with speed and precision, without unnecessary physical strain. 

Browse our range of Level 5 Tools to find the best automatic tool for your next project.

Ready Mixed Jointing Compound vs Powder

Ready Mixed Jointing Compound vs Powder.
Benefits of Ready Mixed Jointing Compound vs Powder Infographic

1. Introduction

2. Ready Mixed Jointing Compound

3. Powder Jointing Compound

4. Should I use Ready Mixed or Powder Jointing Compound?

5. Advice for Using Ready Mixed Jointing Compound

6. Tips for Using Powder Jointing Compound

7. Summary

1. Introduction


In the world of drywalling, achieving a smooth, seamless, and visually appealing finish is the ultimate goal.

To cover gaps and create a flawless surface, professionals and DIY enthusiasts alike rely on a versatile material known as jointing compound.

In this guide, we will explore the two main types of jointing compound: ready-mixed and powder.

But first, let’s explore what jointing compound is and how it’s used.

1.1. What is a Jointing Compound?

Jointing compound is a material used in the finishing of drywall or plasterboard.

Drywall consists of large panels of gypsum board or plasterboard. Jointing compound is a paste-like substance used on drywall, specifically formulated for filling gaps and finishing corner beads, trims and fasteners. 

The end result of applying jointing compound is to repair or improve the appearance of drywall, leaving a smooth, structurally sound surface ready for painting.

1.2. How is Jointing Compound Used?

The application of jointing compound begins with the installation of drywall panels, leaving gaps and joints between them. Once the drywall is installed, the process of application can begin.

First, a fibreglass or paper tape is applied over the joints to reinforce them and prevent any future cracking.

A layer of jointing compound is spread over the taped joints, embedding the tape and filling any depressions or gaps. This coat is typically wider than the tape itself.

Subsequent coats are then applied, each wider than the previous one, to feather the edges and create a smooth, seamless transition between the wall or ceiling and the joints. Each coat is allowed to dry and is sanded before applying the next.

After the compound has dried, it is sanded to achieve a smooth surface. The final coat may involve a thinner application, known as skim coating, to further finesse the finish.

2. Ready Mixed Jointing Compound

Ready Mixed Jointing Compounds

As the name suggests, ready mixed jointing compound is a pre-mixed product.

This product conveniently comes ready to use directly from the container, meaning you can start the application straight away.

2.1. Benefits of Ready Mixed Jointing Compound

No Mixing

The core benefit of ready-mixed jointing compound is that it doesn’t require mixing. This means you can get to work straight away – cutting out the time and effort needed to create a usable mixture and maximising convenience.

Uniform Consistency

Without the need for mixing, you also don’t need to worry about creating the right consistency. This not only reduces waste from mixing errors, but also means the mixture quality remains consistent across the project.

Drying Time

Another benefit of uniform consistency is that the drying time is the same across the whole project. By knowing how long the coat will take to dry, you are able to plan ahead and work systematically during the application process. 

Waste Reduction

There is a reduction in waste when it comes to knowing the amount of usable product you have. By purchasing the material premixed, you can get the right amount for the job, instead of iteratively adding powder and water based on the consistency of the mixture.

No Additional Water

Additionally, premixed jointing compound doesn’t require any additional water to be added. So, if you’re working in an environment where water is not readily available or inconvenient to transport, ready-mixed is a practical solution.

Reduced Mess

Applying jointing compound straight from the container reduces the mess involved in finishing drywall. With ready mixed, the chance of spillages and the time needed to clean is drastically reduced.


With DIYers in mind, ready mixed jointing compound is incredibly easy to use. When used in combination with drywall tape, the application process is quick and convenient and provides a high quality finish, even for those with minimal experience.

3. Powder Jointing Compound

Powder jointing compound.

Powder jointing compound is non-mixed. It is purchased as a white powder, and when mixed with adequate water, forms a paste that can be applied to plasterboard. Mixing the compound can be done either manually, or by attaching a mixing paddle to a drill. 

3.1. Benefits of Powder Jointing Compound

Control Consistency

By adjusting the amount of water added, you can control the consistency of the powder mixture. This customization allows you to tailor the compound to diverse project needs, from filling small cracks to creating a smooth finish on joints.

Easy Dry Storage

Since powder jointing compound is stored in a dry, powdered form, it takes up less space and generally has a longer shelf life compared to ready mixed. This means large quantities of dry powder can be neatly stored for extended periods without degrading.


Powder jointing compound tends to be cheaper than its ready mixed counterparts. This cost-effectiveness is especially attractive for both budget-conscious individuals and on large-scale projects where cost outweighs convenience. 


The lightweight nature of powder simplifies transportation, handling, and mixing. This is especially important for professionals who need to carry materials around job sites or DIY enthusiasts who find lighter materials more manageable.


Due to its reduced packaging and light weight, powder jointing compound could be considered to be more environmentally friendly. This is a topical benefit in the construction industry today where sustainability is often a high priority.

4. Should I Use Ready Mixed or Powder?

Should You Use Ready Mixed or Powder Jointing Compound

When it comes to choosing between ready mixed and powder jointing compounds for your project, several important factors come into play. 

You should consider your level of experience, budget, the size and complexity of your project and time constraints when deciding whether to use ready mixed or powder.

Level of Experience

Ready mixed compounds are more user friendly and don’t require you to make a usable mixture yourself, making them suitable for individuals with any level of experience.

However, if you’re a professional tradesmen or a skilled DIYer, you may be more appreciative of the ability to customise the consistency of your mixture, making powder jointing compound a better fit.


While convenient, ready mixed compounds are often more expensive than powder. So where cost is a critical factor, powder jointing compound may be a more suitable option.

Size/Number of Projects

For small-scale projects or quick touch-ups, ready mixed compounds offer convenience and can save time. You may also know exactly how much product you need to complete the job, so to minimise waste, premixed may be more appropriate.

Whereas, the light weight and cost efficiency of powder compounds may provide a stronger appeal when working on large or multiple projects, as it could drastically reduce your material spend and make transporting your supplies easier.

Complexity of Project

Ready mixed compounds are ideal for straightforward, standard drywall projects where simplicity is a priority.

Powder compounds are more suitable for complex projects due to their versatility, allowing you to vary consistencies and extend drying times based on the project needs.

Time Constraints

If you’re working on a tight schedule, ready mixed compounds are a better choice for speed. By cutting out the task of mixing, you can start the application process straight away, making for a faster project time.  

5. Advice for Using Ready Mixed Jointing Compound

When working with ready mixed jointing compound there are some key tips to help you achieve high quality results.

Stir Before Use

Before use, stir the compound thoroughly to ensure you get a consistent texture. However, avoid over-stirring, as this can shorten the hardening time and add air bubbles into the mixture.

Stirring only the amount you plan to use within a reasonable timeframe also helps to prevent the mixture from drying out.

Don’t Overwork the Mixture

When applying the compound, resist the temptation to excessively rework it after application. Overworking can lead to a less smooth finish and may cause the compound to lose adhesion and begin cracking or peeling.

Open Time

You need to be aware of the open time of the compound you’re using. Open time refers to the amount of time the premix remains workable before it starts to set.

As the mixture has been pre-made, you can follow the manufacturer’s instructions to ensure you apply the compound within the specified timeframe.


Finally, if you have spare ready mixed jointing compound, it’s important to know how to store it for use on your next project.

For optimal storage, ensure there is no dried compound that could fall into the mixture, pour half an inch of clean water onto the top of the compound, press the lid on tightly and remember to remove the water before next use.

When stored properly, ready mixed can be usable for up to 9 months.

6. Tips for Using Powder Jointing Compound

Tips for using powder jointing compound

To get the best results on your finishing projects, there are some key things to keep in mind when mixing and storing the product.


The key to a high-quality finish is a suitable jointing compound consistency. This consistency comes from properly mixing the powder and water. 

Start by carefully measuring the required amount of powder and add it to a clean mixing container. Use a mixing paddle or a stir stick to combine the powder with the appropriate amount of water.

Follow the manufacturer’s recommended water-to-powder ratio for the optimum consistency. However it is important to note, adding the water is an iterative process, so add the water incrementally, keeping an eye on the consistency of the mixture.

Ensure you mix thoroughly to achieve a smooth, lump-free paste.


After mixing, allow the compound to slake for a few minutes. Slaking allows the powder to absorb the water fully and reach its ideal working consistency. 

During this time, you may notice the mixture thickening slightly. Stir it again to maintain the desired consistency before use.

Adjust the Consistency

Check the compound’s consistency after mixing and slaking. If it’s too thick or too thin for your intended application, you can make adjustments.

To thin the jointing compound, add a small amount of water and mix thoroughly. To thicken it, incorporate more powder. Make gradual adjustments and mix well until you achieve the desired result.


If you have any leftover powder jointing compound, store it correctly to prevent moisture absorption and clumping. 

You store mixed powder jointing compound in a similar way to pre-mixed – clean the edges of the container, pour water over the leftover compound and seal the container.

However, when using powder, you may not have a lid for your container, as is often the case with ready-mixed products. In this case, create an airtight seal using something you have to hand, such as plastic wrap.

Dissimilarly to ready-mixed, the storage time, particularly without an airtight lid, is drastically reduced. If you’re not using the remaining product in the next day or two, the leftover compound will become unusable. 

The issues associated with storing mixed powder jointing compound highlights the importance of only mixing the estimated amount needed.  

7. Summary


This article has explored the respective benefits of ready mixed and powder jointing compounds.

Ready mixed is a premade product, taking out the hassle of mixing. It is quick and easy to use and can save time on cleaning up. 

However, it’s important to consider that ready mixed is less cost-effective than its powder counterpart, with open time, overworking and storage needing to be considered when using this product.

These features make ready mixed jointing compound ideal for smaller, simpler projects where time is a critical factor, or for those with limited drywall finishing experience.

Powder jointing compound is ideal for those who want a customizable consistency and to buy in bulk. This is because before mixing, powder jointing compound is cost-effective, lighter in weight, easy to store and boasts a longer shelf life compared to ready mixed.

It’s important to consider the mixing process when choosing the right product. Powder jointing compound requires you to create a usable consistency, and once mixed, the leftovers have a short storage time.

If you’re a plasterer by trade or an apt DIYer working on a large or complex job, powder jointing compound is the ideal solution. Similarly, if you are working on a budget or environmentally conscious project, powder comes out on top. 

As discussed, both ready mixed and powder jointing compound have their advantages and considerations. It’s important to weigh these up alongside your personal preferences when deciding which product is best suited to your project. 

Once you’ve decided which form of jointing compound is right for you, browse our range of jointing compounds at Gypsum to find the perfect product at a great price.

Ultimate Guide to Plastering Materials

The Ultimate Guide to Plastering Materials

Introduction to Plastering Materials

Chapter One – Core Plastering Materials

Chapter Two – Preparing Plastering Materials

Chapter Three – Using Plastering Materials

Chapter Four – Sustainable Plastering Materials

Chapter Five – Plastering Industry Trends


Introduction to Plastering Materials


Welcome to our comprehensive guide on plastering materials – a fundamental resource for any plasterer, whether seasoned professional or budding enthusiast. 

This guide will take you on a journey through the vital elements that constitute the world of plastering.

We will start with an in-depth look at the core materials, shedding light on their unique properties and the roles they play in the plastering process. 

From there, we’ll guide you through the essential steps of preparing these materials, followed by practical advice on how to put them to good use.

But our exploration won’t stop at the practicalities; we will also delve into the increasingly important topic of sustainable plastering materials, considering how we can make eco-friendlier choices without compromising on quality.

Lastly, we’ll examine the most current industry trends, keeping you at the forefront of plastering innovation.

No matter your level of experience or interest in plastering, this guide aims to enrich your understanding and provide useful insights. Let’s delve into the fascinating world of plastering materials together!

Chapter 1- Core Plastering Materials

Core plastering materials

In any plastering job, the materials you choose to work with are paramount to achieving a high-quality finish. 

They form the base of your project and can greatly affect the durability, appearance, and even the health of your indoor environment.

In this chapter, we’re going to take a closer look at the core materials used in plastering.

1.1 Plaster

Plaster is a versatile building material used for the protective or decorative coating of walls and ceilings. 

It’s the most integral part of any plastering job. 

Here are the main types you’re likely to come across:

Gypsum Plaster: Also known as plaster of Paris, gypsum plaster is created by heating gypsum to about 300 °F (150 °C). The process eliminates water from the mineral and breaks it down into a fine, white powder. 

When water is added, the powder rehydrates, becoming a viscous material that can be easily moulded or spread over a surface. 

It’s best suited for interior work, as it doesn’t fare well when exposed to large amounts of water. 

Gypsum plaster sets quickly, usually within 30-50 minutes, so work needs to be done swiftly.

Lime Plaster: Lime plaster is a blend of calcium hydroxide (‘slaked lime’) and sand, along with other inert fillers. 

The carbon dioxide in the atmosphere reacts with the wet plaster, causing it to harden by transforming the calcium hydroxide into calcium carbonate. 

Lime plaster is renowned for its flexibility, breathability, and less brittle nature compared to gypsum, making it great for both interior and exterior applications.

Cement Plaster: Composed of a mixture of suitable plaster, sand, portland cement, and water, cement plaster is popular for its use on exterior surfaces due to its durability and water resistance. 

It’s an ideal choice for regions with heavy rainfall or damp conditions.

1.2 Plasterboard

Plasterboard, also known as drywall or wallboard, forms an integral part of modern construction. It’s made by compressing an inner layer of gypsum between two outer layers of heavy paper or fibreglass mat. 

Being lightweight and easy to install, it’s commonly used to form interior walls and ceilings. 

Moreover, it’s fire-resistant, provides good sound insulation, and acts as a blank canvas for decorative finishes.

1.3 Jointing Tape

Jointing tape is an essential element when working with plasterboard. 

It’s used to bridge the joints between sheets of plasterboard, providing a smooth, continuous surface for plastering.

Paper Tape: This type of tape is made from a strong, flexible paper material. It’s embedded in a layer of joint compound to give a seamless finish.

Fibreglass Mesh Tape: Fibreglass mesh tape is a self-adhesive tape that’s quick and easy to apply. However, care must be taken when plastering over it, as improper application can lead to bubbles or blisters appearing on the finished surface.

1.4 Plastering Beads

Plastering beads are thin strips of metal or plastic that are embedded in the plaster to create clean, sharp edges and corners, giving your plasterwork a professional finish. 

They also provide structural strength to the plaster.

Angle Beads: These are used to form sharp corners and protect them from damage.

Stop Beads: These create a neat finish at the edges of your plasterwork where it stops or meets another surface.

Bell Beads: Bell beads or arch beads are used for forming curves and arches in plasterwork.

Chapter 2: Preparing Plastering Materials

Preparing plastering materials

Whether you’re a seasoned professional or a do-it-yourself enthusiast, you know that success in plastering begins before the first dollop of plaster touches a wall. 

It starts with thorough and careful preparation of the materials involved. 

From choosing the right type of plaster to prepping the plasterboard and applying PVA, each step has a significant impact on the final outcome. 

Let’s dive deeper into this process.

2.1 Preparing Plaster

The cornerstone of any plastering project is, of course, the plaster itself. 

And preparing it correctly can be the difference between a smooth, high-quality finish and a job that looks amateurish.

Selecting the Right Plaster: The type of plaster you choose will depend largely on the nature of the project. 

For indoor wall finishes, gypsum plaster, or plaster of Paris, is a common choice due to its fine texture and easy workability. 

It dries to a hard, smooth surface that can be painted or wallpapered. If you’re working outdoors or in damp environments, you might consider using cement plaster, which has greater water resistance and durability.

Mixing: Mixing the plaster properly is essential. 

Typically, you will first pour clean, cold water into a clean mixing bucket. The plaster powder is then added gradually while stirring. 

It’s best to use a mechanical plaster mixer or a drill with a mixing paddle to achieve a smooth, lump-free mixture. 

Remember to follow the manufacturer’s instructions for the correct water-to-plaster ratio.

Checking the Consistency: Achieving the right consistency is a vital part of the process. The plaster should be mixed to a smooth, creamy consistency – thick enough to spread evenly and stick to your trowel, but thin enough to work comfortably.

2.2 Preparing Plasterboard

Preparing plasterboard, also known as drywall, involves more than just hanging sheets on a wall. 

Proper preparation ensures that the final plastered surface is smooth and seamless.

Measuring and Cutting: Begin by measuring the area where the plasterboard will be installed. 

Use these measurements to mark the plasterboard, and then cut it using a utility knife or drywall saw. 

Always cut on the face side using a sharp blade to ensure clean edges.

Installation: Install the cut plasterboard using drywall screws and a drill, ensuring it is secure and level. The screws should be placed every 12 inches along the edges and every 16 inches in the centre of the board.

Applying Jointing Tape: Once the plasterboard is installed, apply jointing tape over the seams. This helps to prevent cracking and achieves a smooth, seamless finish once the plaster is applied.

2.3 Preparing Plastering Beads

Plastering beads give your plastering project a professional finish. They help create sharp corners and edges and add strength to vulnerable areas.

Measuring and Cutting: Determine the lengths of plastering beads you need for your project, and cut them with tin snips. Always cut on an angle to avoid sharp edges.

Placement and Fixing: Plastering beads should be fixed to the edges and corners where you want a clean, sharp finish. Use plaster or drywall screws to fix them in place.

2.4 Preparing PVA

PVA, or Polyvinyl Acetate, is a clear, adhesive sealer used in plastering to seal the surface before plastering.

Diluting: PVA often needs to be diluted with water before use. Check the manufacturer’s instructions to ensure the correct ratio, often around 1 part PVA to 5 parts water.

Application: Apply the PVA solution to the surface using a brush or roller. Ensure you cover the whole surface and allow it to partially dry (until it’s slightly tacky) before

Chapter 3: Using Plastering Materials

Using plastering materials

You’ve got your plaster, your tools, and your workspace prepared – now the real fun begins. 

This chapter guides you through the process of applying and finishing your plaster, working with plasterboard, incorporating plastering beads, and effectively using PVA in your plastering project.

3.1 Applying Plaster

Applying plaster is an art that requires patience and precision. It’s a multi-step process, each step building on the last to achieve a smooth, flawless finish.

Load Your Hawk: First, scoop some plaster onto your hawk, a handheld flat board that holds the plaster while you’re working. The plaster should be scooped onto the centre of the hawk, ready to be pushed onto your trowel.

Apply the Plaster: Slide some plaster from the hawk onto your trowel, then apply it to the wall or ceiling with a firm, even stroke. Start at one corner and work your way across the surface, maintaining a consistent thickness.

Smooth the Plaster: After the plaster has been applied, go over the area with your trowel held at a slight angle. This helps to smooth out any inconsistencies and remove excess plaster.

Wait and Polish: Allow the plaster to set partially – this typically takes around 20-30 minutes depending on the type of plaster. Once it’s firmed up a bit, use a clean, wet trowel to polish the surface, giving it a smooth, glossy finish.

If you’re applying plaster to larger areas and need an extended setting time, plaster retarders, such as Extratime, are a useful option. Plaster retarder delays the plaster setting, giving you more time to finish the job. 

3.2 Finishing Plasterboard

When finishing plasterboard, there are two steps you need to take before deciding whether applying plaster is necessary. 

Apply Jointing Compound: With the plasterboard installed and jointing tape applied, it’s time to apply a jointing compound over the tape and any drywall screws. This is done with a taping knife, ensuring the compound fills the seams and covers the screws.

Sanding: After the jointing compound has dried completely, sand it smooth using a fine-grit sandpaper. Be careful not to sand into the tape beneath the compound. The goal is to create a seamless surface that blends smoothly with the rest of the wall or ceiling.

After the application of jointing compound and careful sanding, you may be left with a smooth enough finish to apply paint directly on top, avoiding plaster application. However, if the plasterboard doesn’t have a smooth finish, you may need to skim plaster before painting. 

3.3 Using Plastering Beads

Plastering beads, which provide clean, crisp edges and corners, are an essential component of professional-looking plasterwork. However, if you’re using plastering beads with plasterboard and the finish is smooth, a layer of plaster may not be necessary.

Apply Plaster: With the beads securely fixed, apply plaster up to the edge of the bead, making sure to cover any fixing nails or screws. This ensures that the bead becomes part of the finished wall or ceiling.

Smooth and Shape: After the plaster is applied, use your trowel to smooth the plaster and shape it to the edge of the bead. This helps to create a sharp, clean finish.

3.4 Working with PVA

PVA, a sealer used in plastering, requires careful timing to use effectively.

Apply PVA: Once the PVA solution has reached the tacky stage (not fully dry but sticky to the touch), it’s time to apply your plaster. The slightly sticky surface allows the plaster to adhere better, giving a smoother finish.

Plaster Over PVA: Apply your plaster following the methods described above. However, it’s crucial to apply the plaster before the PVA fully dries, so the plaster can properly adhere to the surface.

Finishing Touches: After your plaster has set, check for any imperfections or bumps. If necessary, lightly sand the surface until it is completely smooth and ready for painting or decorating. Always remember, patience and meticulous attention to detail are the keys to a successful plastering project.

Chapter 4: Sustainable Plastering Materials

Sustainable choices with plastering materials

In the face of increasing environmental concerns, various industries, including construction and plastering, are leaning towards more eco-friendly alternatives. 

This chapter will dive deep into the array of sustainable choices in plastering materials, waste management, and supplier selection for a greener plastering project.

4.1 Green Plastering Materials

Traditional plastering materials are energy-intensive in production, contributing significantly to environmental pollution. Waste generation is another concern when plasterboard is discarded. This section explores environmentally-friendly alternatives that not only minimise harm to our planet but can also enhance the aesthetic and functional value of buildings.

4.1.1 Lime Plaster: The Eco-friendly Old-timer

Lime plaster, one of the most ancient building materials, offers a sustainable option for modern construction. Its production process involves burning limestone at a relatively low temperature, which results in less carbon dioxide emission than the manufacturing of cement or gypsum plaster.

Moreover, lime plaster has a unique ‘breathing’ property. It allows moisture to evaporate, preventing dampness and mould growth, thus improving the indoor air quality. But what truly makes lime plaster stand out in terms of sustainability is its ability to reabsorb CO2 as it cures, aiding in reducing the concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.

4.1.2 Clay Plaster: Harnessing the Power of Nature

Clay plaster is a prime example of how naturally abundant elements can be harnessed in construction. Produced from clay, sand, and straw or fibres, it is a recyclable and compostable material that creates virtually zero waste.

One major benefit of clay plaster is its ability to regulate indoor humidity levels, contributing to a healthier and more comfortable living environment. Furthermore, clay plaster does not off-gas harmful chemicals, ensuring better indoor air quality compared to many conventional plasters.

The energy-efficiency of clay plaster production also contributes to its eco-friendliness. The raw materials are mixed and left to dry naturally, eliminating the need for high-energy kilns.

4.1.3 Recycled Plasterboard: Turning Waste into Value

In an effort to reduce waste, some manufacturers have started producing plasterboard from recycled materials. This includes waste plasterboard, which can be processed and remanufactured, thus extending the life of the materials and diverting them from landfills.

While recycled plasterboard may not be entirely zero-waste, it signifies a positive move towards a circular economy in the plastering industry, where resources are kept in use for as long as possible, and waste is minimised.

Using recycled plasterboard also requires less energy compared to producing new plasterboard, further decreasing the environmental footprint of your plastering project.

Chapter 5: Plastering Industry Trends

Plastering materials industry trends

The plastering industry, like many others, is constantly evolving in response to new technology, societal changes, and environmental concerns. 

This chapter will highlight some of the most impactful trends and emerging practices that are shaping the future of plastering.

5.1 Technological Innovations

Technological advancements have been instrumental in refining the art of plastering, driving efficiency, precision, and innovation in this age-old trade.

5.1.1 Advanced Plastering Machines

Technological innovations have led to the advent of advanced plastering machines. 

These machines offer a multitude of benefits, including efficient mixing of plaster and quicker application on walls and ceilings. 

Some machines even come equipped with integrated silos and pumps that not only store but also mix and pump the plaster to the site, saving time and effort.

5.1.2 Digital Measurement Tools

Digital tools such as laser metres and digital spirit levels have become commonplace in modern plastering. They allow for precise measurements and cuts, minimising errors and waste. Digital modelling software also enables professionals to create accurate visualisations of the end product, aiding in the planning and execution of complex plastering projects.

5.2 3D Printed Plaster

The integration of 3D printing technology into construction presents an exciting frontier in plastering. This technology allows intricate, customised designs to be printed in plaster, creating possibilities for highly detailed decorative plasterwork that would be exceedingly difficult, if not impossible, to achieve by hand.

5.3 Smart Plaster

The advent of “smart” plaster and plasterboard is another innovative trend in the plastering industry. The term refers to materials that can do more than just provide a surface finish.

Smart plaster could potentially regulate indoor humidity levels, absorb toxins from the air, or even change colour based on temperature or light conditions. 

These materials could offer improved energy efficiency, health benefits, and enhanced aesthetic appeal, though their development is still in the early stages.

5.4 Sustainability in Plastering

The increasing demand for sustainability is significantly influencing the plastering industry. 

Eco-friendly alternatives to traditional plastering materials, like those discussed in the previous chapter are gaining popularity. Furthermore, the industry is exploring methods to reduce waste and minimise its carbon footprint while maintaining the quality and durability that plastering projects demand.

Strategies include utilising green building materials, adopting energy-efficient production processes, and implementing waste management practices that prioritise recycling. 

This trend represents not only a response to the growing global emphasis on sustainability but also an opportunity to innovate and evolve plastering practices for the better.



This guide has provided a comprehensive overview of the plastering process, starting from the essential materials and moving through their preparation and application. 

The different types of plaster – gypsum, lime, and cement, were discussed along with auxiliary materials like plasterboard, jointing tape, plastering beads, and PVA. 

These materials were then contextualised within the preparatory phase of a plastering project, with emphasis on the importance of meticulous preparation for achieving quality results.

The guide also considered the growing importance of sustainability within the plastering industry, with an exploration of eco-friendly materials and practices. Lime and clay plasters, along with recycled plasterboard, were introduced as greener alternatives that can contribute to a more sustainable construction landscape.

Finally, a spotlight was thrown on the latest industry trends, including technological innovations and the advent of 3D printed and smart plaster. These developments, alongside the emphasis on sustainability, underscore the dynamism of the plastering field and its continuous evolution.

In conclusion, whether you’re a DIY enthusiast or a professional plasterer, understanding these elements – the materials, their preparation and application, sustainability considerations, and industry trends – can enhance your plastering work, improve its quality, and contribute to a more sustainable construction environment.

The Ultimate Guide to Plastering Tools

The Ultimate Guide to Plastering Tools

Introduction to Plastering Tools

Chapter One – Plastering Trowels

Chapter Two –  Hawk and Float

Chapter Three –  Mixing Tools

Chapter Four –  Straight Edges and Feather Edges

Chapter Five – Corner Tools 

Chapter Six – Plastering Stilts and Hop Ups

Chapter Seven – Cleaning and Maintenance Tools


Introduction to Plastering Tools

Introduction to plastering tools

Plastering is a skilled trade that requires precision, attention to detail, and the right tools to achieve a high-quality finish. 

With a wide variety of tools available for different plastering tasks, it’s essential to know which ones are best suited for your specific project. 

This ultimate guide to plastering tools will help you understand the purpose and usage of each tool, ensuring that you’re well-equipped for a successful plastering job.

Chapter One – Plastering Trowels

Plastering trowels

One of the most essential tools in any plasterer’s toolkit is the trowel

Trowels come in various types, including finishing trowels, skimming trowels, and more, each designed for a specific purpose in the plastering process.

  • Finishing trowels: These trowels are used for smoothing and finishing the plaster surface, providing a professional and polished look. They typically have a flat, rectangular blade made of stainless steel or carbon steel and a comfortable handle for easy use.
  • Skimming trowels: Skimming trowels are designed for applying a thin layer of finishing plaster on top of a base coat, creating a smooth surface. They often feature a pre-worn blade to help achieve an even finish.
  • Bucket trowels: This small, flat trowel is useful for getting plaster and compound out of the bucket and onto the hawk or mortar stand.

When selecting a trowel, consider factors such as blade size and shape, handle type, and material. 

A larger blade can cover more surface area, making the job faster, while a smaller blade offers greater control for detailed work. 

Additionally, choose a trowel with an ergonomic handle for comfortable use during extended periods.

Proper trowel maintenance is crucial for ensuring longevity and optimal performance. 

Clean your trowel after each use, removing any leftover plaster to prevent buildup. 

Occasionally check for signs of wear and replace the trowel if necessary.

Chapter Two – Hawk and Float

Hawk and float

The hawk and float are essential tools for holding and applying plaster during the plastering process. 

A hawk is a flat, square platform with a central handle underneath, used to hold plaster while you work. 

A float, on the other hand, is a smaller trowel-like tool used in conjunction with the hawk to apply and smooth plaster.

When choosing a hawk, look for one made of durable materials like aluminium or magnesium, with a comfortable handle that provides a secure grip. 

The size of the hawk should match your hand size and the amount of plaster you’ll typically be working with. 

To use a hawk and float effectively, practice scooping plaster onto the hawk with the float, then applying the plaster to the wall with smooth, controlled motions.

Chapter Three – Mixing Tools

Mixing tools

Properly mixing plaster is crucial for achieving a smooth, even finish. 

There are several tools available for mixing plaster, including mixing drills and paddle attachments.

  • Mixing drills: These are power tools designed for mixing various materials, including plaster. When selecting a mixing drill, consider factors such as power, speed settings, and overall durability. A higher wattage drill will provide more power for mixing thicker materials, while variable speed settings allow for greater control during the mixing process.

  • Paddle attachments: Paddle attachments, also known as mixing paddles, are used in conjunction with a mixing drill. These attachments come in various shapes and sizes, each designed for specific mixing tasks. A helical or spiral-shaped paddle is ideal for mixing plaster, as it promotes a smooth and consistent mix.

To properly mix plaster, add the dry plaster to a clean mixing bucket, then gradually add water while operating the mixing drill with a paddle attachment. 

Be sure to mix the plaster thoroughly, eliminating any lumps or inconsistencies, and achieve the desired consistency based on the manufacturer’s recommendations.

Chapter Four – Straight Edges and Feather Edges

Straight edges and feather edges

Achieving a flat, even surface is essential for professional plastering results. Straight edges and feather edges are tools designed to help plasterers accomplish this goal.

  • Straight edges: These are long, straight metal or aluminium tools used to check and correct the flatness of a plastered surface. To use a straight edge, place it against the surface and look for any gaps or high spots, then adjust the plaster as needed.

  • Feather edges: Feather edges are similar to straight edges, but they have a thinner profile and are typically more flexible. This flexibility allows for easier use on curved surfaces or in tight spaces.

When using these tools, work methodically across the surface, checking and correcting the flatness as you go. 

This process helps ensure a smooth, even finish that will look professional and stand the test of time.

Chapter Five –  Corner Plastering Tools

Corner tools

Achieving clean, sharp corners is an essential part of plastering, and specialised corner tools can help you accomplish this with ease. 

Some of the most common corner tools include:

  • Angle trowels: These trowels feature a blade with a 90-degree angle, designed for finishing internal corners. The angled blade allows for smooth application and shaping of plaster in tight spaces, ensuring a clean, professional finish.

  • Corner floats: Corner floats, sometimes called corner sponges, are used to smooth and shape external corners after plastering. These tools consist of a sponge or foam material with a 90-degree angle, allowing you to work the plaster into a clean, sharp edge.

When working with corners, be sure to use the appropriate tool for the specific task, and take the time to ensure a precise, professional finish.

Chapter Six – Plastering Stilts and Hop Ups

Stilts and hop ups

For larger plastering projects or working on ceilings, plasterers often require additional height to reach their work area comfortably. 

Plastering stilts and hop ups can provide the necessary elevation, allowing you to work more efficiently and safely.

  • Plastering stilts: These adjustable stilts strap to your legs and feet, allowing you to walk and work at an elevated height. Stilts offer flexibility and mobility while working on high surfaces, but they require practice and skill to use safely.

  • Hop ups or ladders: Alternatively, you can use a sturdy hop up or a ladder to reach higher areas. While these options provide a stable platform for working, they may not offer the same level of mobility as stilts.

Whichever option you choose, always prioritise safety when working at height, using appropriate fall protection measures and ensuring that your equipment is in good condition.

Chapter Seven – Cleaning and Maintenance Tools

Cleaning and maintenance tools

Proper cleaning and maintenance of your plastering tools are essential for extending their lifespan and ensuring optimal performance. 

Some essential cleaning tools include:

  • Plasterer’s brush: A soft-bristle brush is perfect for cleaning your trowels and other tools after use. The soft bristles help remove plaster without damaging the tools.

  • Cleaning water and sponge: Keep a bucket of clean water and a sponge nearby while working to wipe down your tools as needed. Regular cleaning prevents plaster buildup, which can affect the performance of your tools.

After each plastering job, clean your tools thoroughly, removing all traces of plaster, and store them in a dry, protected location.

By understanding the purpose and usage of each plastering tool, you’ll be well-equipped to tackle any plastering project with confidence. 

With the right tools and techniques, you can achieve a professional, high-quality finish that will stand the test of time.


Plastering tools conclusion

This exploration of plastering tools has offered an in-depth view of the essential instruments used in the plastering trade, from the basic hand tools to specialised equipment.

The discussion began with the ubiquitous plastering trowel, the plasterer’s primary tool. Used for applying, spreading, and smoothing plaster, the trowel is a versatile instrument available in different shapes and sizes to accommodate various tasks and preferences.

Next, the focus shifted to the hawk and float. The hawk, a flat platform for holding plaster, and the float, used for smoothing and levelling the plaster, form a crucial partnership in the plastering process.

The importance of proper mixing was underscored in the section about mixing tools, which are essential for creating a smooth, workable plaster mix. Mechanical mixers and sturdy buckets, as well as mixing paddles for drill attachments, were identified as key tools for this stage.

Then, attention turned to straight edges and feather edges. These tools ensure a flat and level finish to the plaster, vital for achieving a professional-looking result.

Corner tools were introduced next. These specialised tools help create clean, sharp corners and edges, enhancing the finish and durability of the plasterwork.

The guide also ventured into the realm of plastering stilts and hop ups, essential for reaching high areas. While these may not be necessary for every project, they can increase efficiency and comfort for extensive or high-reaching plastering work.

Finally, the importance of tool maintenance was emphasised with a discussion on cleaning tools. Keeping tools clean and in good working order not only extends their lifespan but also ensures the best possible finish to plasterwork.

In sum, a well-equipped plasterer’s toolkit should feature a range of trowels, a hawk and float, mixing tools, straight and feather edges, corner tools, and potentially stilts or hop ups. 

Additionally, proper cleaning and maintenance tools are critical for ensuring the longevity and effectiveness of this equipment. Understanding these tools, their use, and care is vital for anyone engaged in plastering, whether as a DIY enthusiast or a professional.

Ultimate Guide To Drylining For 2023

The Ultimate Guide to Drylining in 2023

(From planning and prep to maintenance and repairs plus everything drylining in between!)

Chapter One – Introduction to Drylining

Chapter Two – Planning and Preparation

Chapter Three – Installation Techniques 

Chapter Four – Finishing and Decoration 

Chapter Five – Maintenance and Repairs 

Chapter Six –  Drylining Misconceptions 

Chapter Seven – Drylining FAQs


Welcome to our comprehensive guide on drylining – a crucial aspect of modern construction that’s often misunderstood. 

Whether you’re a DIY enthusiast looking to embark on your first drylining project, a professional seeking to deepen your knowledge, or simply interested in understanding more about this trade, this guide is for you. 

We’ll cover the process from start to finish – from planning and preparation, through installation techniques and finishing, to maintenance and repairs. 

We’ll also debunk some common misconceptions and answer frequently asked questions about drylining. 

Let’s embark on this journey together to explore the world of drylining.

Chapter One – Introduction to Drylining

Introduction to drylining

Introduction to Drylining

Drylining is a type of construction method used to create smooth and level walls and ceilings in buildings. 

This technique is commonly used in new builds, renovations, and remodelling projects to provide a smooth surface for decoration and to improve the insulation and soundproofing of a room. 

In this chapter, we will explore the history, benefits, and types of dry lining systems and materials.

History of Drylining

Drylining has been used as a method of creating smooth and level surfaces in buildings for over a century. 

The earliest forms of drylining were made from plaster, but with the advent of new materials, such as gypsum board, drylining has evolved into a more efficient and cost-effective method of construction. 

Today, drylining is widely used in residential, commercial, and industrial construction projects across the world.

Benefits of Drylining

There are several benefits to using dry lining as a method of construction, including:

  • Improved insulation and soundproofing: Drylining provides a barrier to heat and sound, improving the insulation and soundproofing of a room.
  • Increased structural stability: Drylining helps to strengthen the walls and ceilings of a building, providing increased structural stability.
  • Faster construction times: Drylining is faster to install than traditional plastering methods, allowing projects to be completed more quickly.
  • Cost-effective: Drylining is a cost-effective method of construction, as it requires less materials and labour than traditional plastering methods.

Types of Dry Lining Systems and Materials

There are several different types of dry lining systems and materials that can be used, including:

  • Gypsum board: This is the most commonly used material for drylining, as it is easy to install, lightweight, and provides good insulation and soundproofing.
  • Fiberboard: Fiberboard is a type of dry lining material that is made from recycled materials, making it an environmentally-friendly option.
  • Cement board: Cement board is a type of dry lining material that is made from cement and fibres, making it strong and durable.
  • Plasterboard: Plasterboard is a type of dry lining material that is made from gypsum and paper, making it an affordable and versatile option.

Each of these materials has its own unique properties and benefits, and choosing the right material will depend on the specific needs of a project.

In conclusion, drylining is a versatile, cost-effective, and efficient method of creating smooth and level walls and ceilings in buildings. Whether you are building a new home, renovating an existing one, or just want to improve the insulation and soundproofing of a room, drylining is an excellent option to consider.

Chapter Two – Planning and Preparation

Planning and preparing for drylining

Tools and Equipment for Drylining

In order to complete a drylining project, you will need a range of tools and equipment. In this chapter, we will take a look at the essential tools and equipment that you will need, as well as some optional items that can make the job easier.

Essential Tools

  • Measuring tape
  • Knife or cutting tool for drywall
  • Screw gun or drill with a drywall screw bit
  • Square or straight edge for making straight cuts
  • Level
  • Joint knife or taping knife
  • Drywall saw or utility knife
  • Sand block or drywall rasp

Optional Tools

  • Electric or manual drill
  • Hole saw or hole cutter
  • Screw gun holder or drill holder
  • Corner bead tool
  • Drywall lift or hoist

There is also the option of replacing joint and taping knives with automatic taping tools. Automatic taping tools are a faster alternative, ideally suited for larger drywalling jobs.

It’s important to have the right tools for the job, as this will make the drylining process faster, easier, and more accurate. Investing in high-quality tools can also help to reduce the risk of injury and damage to the materials.

Safety Equipment

When working with dry lining materials, it’s important to wear protective clothing and equipment, including:

  • Dust mask
  • Safety goggles
  • Hard hat
  • Heavy-duty gloves
  • Safety boots

It’s also important to follow safe working practices and to be aware of any potential hazards, such as sharp edges on the dry lining materials or dust in the air.

In conclusion, having the right tools and equipment is essential for a successful drylining project. By investing in high-quality tools, wearing appropriate safety equipment, and following safe working practices, you can ensure that your drylining project is completed efficiently, effectively, and safely.

Chapter Three – Installation Techniques 

Installation techniques

Preparing the Surface for Drylining

Before you start your drylining project, it’s important to prepare the surface that the drywall will be attached to. This includes cleaning the surface, repairing any damage, and ensuring that it is level and free from debris.

Cleaning the Surface

The surface that the drywall will be attached to should be free from dust, dirt, and debris. This can be achieved by using a vacuum cleaner, or by wiping down the surface with a damp cloth.

Repairing Any Damage

If there is any damage to the surface, such as cracks or holes, this should be repaired before the drywall is attached. Small holes can be filled with filler and sanded smooth, while larger cracks may need to be reinforced with mesh tape.

Ensuring the Surface is Level

The surface that the drywall will be attached to should be level. If it is not level, this can be corrected by using shims or by attaching furring strips to the surface.

Removing Obstacles

Any obstacles on the surface, such as electrical outlets or light switches, should be removed before the drywall is attached. This will make it easier to attach the drywall, and will reduce the risk of damage to the electrical wiring.

In conclusion, preparing the surface before you start your drylining project is crucial. By cleaning the surface, repairing any damage, ensuring that it is level, and removing any obstacles, you can ensure that your drylining project is completed efficiently and effectively.

Chapter Four – Finishing and Decoration

Finishing and decorating

Attaching the Drywall

Once the surface has been prepared, the next step in the drylining process is to attach the drywall. This involves measuring and cutting the drywall to the correct size, and attaching it to the surface using screws or adhesive.

Measuring and Cutting the Drywall

Before the drywall can be attached, it needs to be measured and cut to the correct size. This can be done using a measuring tape, a straight edge, and a utility knife. The drywall should be cut slightly larger than the opening, to allow for slight adjustments during installation.

Attaching the Drywall with Screws

The most common method of attaching the drywall is by using screws. Screws should be spaced every 12-16 inches along the edges of the drywall, and every 8-12 inches in the field. This will ensure that the drywall is securely attached to the surface.

Attaching the Drywall with Adhesive

In some cases, drywall may be attached using adhesive, rather than screws. This is particularly useful for attaching drywall to surfaces that are difficult to screw into, such as masonry or concrete. The adhesive should be applied to the back of the drywall, and the drywall should be pressed firmly against the surface.

Hanging the Drywall

Once the drywall has been cut to size and attached to the surface, the next step is to hang the drywall. This involves carefully positioning the drywall against the surface, and securing it in place.

In conclusion, attaching the drywall is a critical step in the drylining process. By measuring and cutting the drywall to the correct size, and attaching it to the surface using screws or adhesive, you can ensure that the drywall is securely attached and ready for the next step in the process.

Chapter Five – Maintenance and Repairs

Maintenance and repairs

Finishing the Drywall

The final step in the drylining process is finishing the drywall. This involves covering the joints and screws with joint compound, and sanding the surface to create a smooth finish.

Joint Compound

Joint compound is used to cover the joints and screws in the drywall, and create a smooth surface. The joint compound should be applied in thin, even layers, and left to dry completely before sanding.

Sanding the Surface

Once the joint compound has dried, the surface should be sanded to create a smooth finish. This can be done using a fine-grit sandpaper or a power sander, and requires careful sanding to avoid damaging the surface of the drywall. 

Priming the Surface

After sanding, the surface should be primed, to help prepare it for painting or wallpapering. This will help to seal the surface and prevent any unwanted absorption of paint or wallpaper.

Finishing Touches

Finally, the surface should be given a final inspection to ensure that it is smooth, level, and free of any blemishes. Once this is complete, the drylining process is complete, and the surface is ready to be painted or wallpapered.

In conclusion, finishing the drywall is an important step in the drylining process. By covering the joints and screws with joint compound, sanding the surface, and priming the surface, you can create a smooth, level surface that is ready to be painted or wallpapered.

Chapter Six –  Drylining Misconceptions

Drylining misconceptions

Drylining is not a permanent solution

One of the biggest misconceptions about drylining is that it is not a permanent solution. In fact, drylining provides a strong and durable surface that can last for many years, if installed correctly. The plasterboard sheets used in drylining are designed to be long-lasting and resistant to damage, and with proper maintenance, they can provide a smooth and level surface for many years to come.

Drylining is only for modern homes

Another common misconception about drylining is that it is only suitable for modern homes, and cannot be used in older, more traditional buildings. However, drylining can be used in any type of building, and provides a versatile and flexible solution that can be adapted to suit a range of different styles and requirements.

Drylining is difficult to install

Another common misconception about drylining is that it is difficult to install, and requires a high level of skill and experience. While some aspects of drylining can be challenging, many of the steps involved in the process are relatively straightforward, and can be carried out by anyone with a basic level of DIY experience.

Drylining is expensive

Another common misconception about drylining is that it is an expensive solution, and that it is only suitable for large or high-end projects. While the cost of dry lining will depend on the size of the room and the complexity of the project, it is often more affordable than other alternatives, such as traditional plastering.

Drylining is not fire resistant

A final misconception about drylining is that it is not fire resistant, and that it is not suitable for use in buildings where fire safety is a concern. In fact, drylining provides good fire resistance, as the plasterboard sheets used in the process are designed to slow down the spread of fire, giving occupants more time to evacuate the building in the event of a fire.

Chapter Seven – Drylining FAQs

Drylining FAQs

What is drylining?

Drylining is a method of creating a smooth, level surface in a building by fixing plasterboard sheets to the walls or ceiling. This provides a strong and durable surface that is ready for painting or wallpapering.

What are the benefits of drylining?

Drylining provides a number of benefits, including improved insulation, fire resistance, soundproofing, and easier decoration. It is also quick and easy to install, and can be used to create a range of different surface finishes, from smooth and modern, to textured and traditional.

What tools do I need for drylining?

The basic tools required for drylining include a measuring tape, a spirit level, a screwdriver, and a drill. You may also need additional tools, such as a saw, a cutter, and a ladder, depending on the size and complexity of the project.

How long does it take to dryline a room?

The length of time it takes to dryline a room will depend on the size of the room, and the complexity of the project. However, as a rough guide, a single room can typically be dry lined in one to two days.

Is dry lining expensive?

The cost of dry lining will depend on the size of the room, and the complexity of the project. However, as a rough guide, the cost of dry lining a single room can typically range from £500 to £1,000, including materials and labour.

Can I dryline my own home?

Yes, you can dryline your own home, although it does require a certain level of skill and experience. If you are unsure about your abilities, it is recommended that you seek the assistance of a professional dryliner.

Is dry lining safe?

Drylining is generally considered to be safe, as long as the correct safety precautions are taken and the correct PPE is used, particularly whilst sanding. This includes wearing protective clothing, using a ladder securely, and using proper tools and equipment.

Can dry lining be used to soundproof a room?

Yes, drylining can be used to soundproof a room, as the plasterboard sheets can provide an effective barrier to sound. However, additional steps, such as using soundproofing materials and sealing any gaps, may also be required to achieve the desired level of soundproofing.



We’ve reached the end of our guide to drylining, a journey that we hope has provided you with a deeper understanding of this essential trade. 

From the initial stages of planning and preparation, we’ve walked through the practical steps of installation and decoration, before moving onto maintenance and repair strategies. 

By demystifying common misconceptions and answering key questions, we hope this guide will prove an invaluable resource for your future drylining projects.

Whether you’re a seasoned professional or a newcomer to the field, understanding the depth and breadth of drylining is crucial for success.

 As the construction industry continues to evolve, so will the practice of drylining. 

Stay informed, stay curious, and above all, never stop learning. 

Here’s to your success in your drylining endeavours!

Why Are DeWalt Tools So Good?

DeWalt Tools

At Gypsum Tools, we pride ourselves on offering quality products from trusted suppliers and tool manufacturers with a strong reputation and reliability. One of those is DeWalt; a well-known firm that began back in 1960 under the leadership of Raymond E DeWalt, inventor of the very first radial arm saw.

With a vision to be recognised as one of the best in the industry, DeWalt worked tirelessly on product development and business expansion – and it paid off.

In the 1990s, DeWalt brought their brand new range of portable tools onto the market, inspired by the success of bigger brands like Black & Decker, and in conjunction with the German company, ELU, which specialises in technology for woodwork. It was very well received and soon they became renowned for ingenuity of tool design and being well ahead of the field.

What sets DeWalt apart is an ethos of high standards and expectations based on the needs and expertise of real life tradesmen and women, whose advice and feedback are built into their product development. This means professionals trust this brand and know they can expect consistently top quality performance from any DeWalt tool.

If you own more than one power tool from DeWalt, the chances are you’ll be able to make multiple uses of chargers and accessories, which means it’s well worth sticking with the brand. Their own patented ‘Flexvolt’ technology has proved to be revolutionary in the use of cordless power tools, even for heavy-duty jobs. The impact and improvements on time, money and effort is a radical upgrade in working practice and economic savings for drywalling professionals.

But it’s not just DeWalt power tools that are going to give you professional results.

Even a basic DeWalt putty knife or taping knife has the same design precision and attention to detail. You can invest in a range of DeWalt drywall hand tools or sets for drywall taping and finishing tools, which means you’ll have everything you need to offer a professional service time and again. But if you just need an individual specialist product, we can supply these at great prices so you can update your equipment over time.

Our DeWalt drywall taping tools such as finishing spatulas, corner rollers, spatula poles, or spatula adaptors, are going to be great additions to your drywall and taping kit. DeWalt taping tools are right up there with any other brand and you can be totally confident in their quality.

So if you’re looking for drywall tools and supplies to get the professional finish for your next job, think of DeWalt and check out our fantastic range of products today.

Find out how you can make huge savings on our taping tools with our DeWalt Kit Builder, featuring DeWalt and Level 5 taping tools.

The Evolution Of The Wall

Plasterer adding second coat

A wall is an everyday thing that we don’t normally think twice about when we see it, whether it’s an interior or exterior wall in a shopping centre or in a prestigious gallery. But just imagine how varied and versatile its uses have been over the (literally!) thousands of years it’s been used in civilisations right across the world.

From mud-made walls to the fine art that dryliners, fixers jointers and plasterers now carry out. It’s also easy to forget that plaster and jointing compound in its basic form is a combination of things like sand, rock, cement, lime, and water.

Plaster Has Revolutionised Wall Building

The main point of building a wall right from its earliest days, was to bring windproof, waterproof protection to dwellings so that everyday people could stay safe and dry, whatever the weather. And then of course, over the years building internal walls and ceilings became an art. We’ve seen plaster and jointing compound being used for aesthetic effect to create a look of richness and beauty in the extravagant homes and prestigious buildings such as museums, theatres and palaces.

All those aspects of making a wall remain part of the use and purpose of the material, but time has led to sizeable industry improvements in technology and skill, in keeping with the needs of contemporary life.

So, plaster has been made from all kinds of things over its long history; some of which are cheap and readily available, and others that were more expensive and refined. But let’s concentrate for now on the most popular modern day forms of building a wall… drylining.

These days, gypsum (also known as calcium sulfate dihydrate) has become the main component of drywall compound. It has a crystalline structure that makes it perfect for the job. No fibrous binding material is needed because when gypsum get wet, they bind automatically and naturally. We all love a smooth mix!

Check Out Our Range Of Plastering Materials & Tools

For ease of use, why not try 4T plaster compound that’s ready to use straight out of the box and doesn’t necessarily even need mixing. Something like Wondertex Prem, which is great for filling and finishing. To save even more effort and energy, how about getting a cordless mixer that will do the hard work for you? And you could invest in a DeWalt mixing paddle, which will even save you for bending down – excellent news for your back!

We have all the drywall and plastering supplies you need for any project. Just have a look through our entire range to find the materials and equipment you need for the finish you’re after. If for any reason you can’t find what you need, be sure to give us a call and we’ll try our best to get you exactly what you need!

The Ultimate Sanding Guide For Beginners

Full Circle Air Radius 360 Dust-free Sanding System

Let’s make it easy for you to start sanding if you’ve never really learned how.

To start with, choose the right sandpaper – coarse or fine. Coarse has larger aluminium oxide particles, which means you’ll be sanding faster and with more aggression. When you’re ready for the finishing touches, you’ll want to go for a fine grit paper. Be patient with it, and you’ll be polishing the surface to a lovely smooth end product.

You can use paper on its own of course, or wrapped around a block for more stability. If you have a larger area to sand, it’s worth using a tool, such as an orbital sander, which also have a dustless system keeping you safe.

Sanding tools can be fitted with all kinds of accessories, depending on the surface you’re sanding. A sanding disc, for example, isn’t as heavy duty than a sanding band. An abrasive brush will work on a surface layer without causing harm below that surface. Perfect for sanding down drywall after yoru taping and jointing.

Take care, because sanding inevitably creates dust in the air, which isn’t nice to breathe in anyway, but especially when you know some of those particles could be toxic. A face mask is a great way to keep the dust inhalation to a minimum, and plastic goggles are a good idea to protect your eyes, safety first!

This is also applicable when cutting drywall to the size you require. When using a drywall jab saws and rasps to smooth off your edges, remember to wear the relevant PPE to protect yourself. Also make sure you’re wearing gloves to keep your hands safe.

A vacuum cleaner is going to be vital, to avoid particles make their way into your paintwork or accumulating in the area you’re trying to clean. Give it a vacuum to remove most of the sanding dust, and then with a damp cloth give it a bit of a wipe to finish it off.

Everything you need is available from the Gypsum Tools site. We stock a range of sanding tools and accessories, including heavy duty kit such as the Giraffe Wall & Ceiling Sander, which has full safety features, as well as speed selection controls.If you’re working on some drywall sanding and you want a more manual approach, the Full Circle Flex Edge Multi-Layered Drywall Sanding Tool is going to be perfect. Or if you’re simply DIY’ing we have loads of sanding blocks and more.

We sell foam replacement pads for this type of project, as well a range of sandpaper sheets. But even if you’re planning a small scale sanding project, we can help you with hand sanders, and sanding tools and supplies to fit the job. Just let us know exactly what you need and we’ll be happy to help!

Strong As An Ox – Tools That You Can Depend On

Ox Tools

What’s the point of a tool unless it can stand up to some serious hard work? That’s one of the beliefs we hold here at Gypsumtools, which is why we recommend OX tools – a range praised in construction circles for their strength, durability and price point.

Not only that, they offer outstanding safety features like an ergonomic handle design that ensures you get a decent grip when you’re working. And if that wasn’t enough, their striking cyan blue signature colour is immediately recognisable across the industry for top notch tooling. OX tools are the business.

Take, for example, plastering and finishing. You’ll want a finishing tool with an ultra-fine blade that will work well with any gypsum-based plaster. OX gives you just that. If you’re working with plaster, the OX Trade Stainless Steel Plasterers Trowel is made using a 0.3mm ultra-flexible blade which is perfect for getting the best finish with the least effort.

You should definitely keep an OX Pro Retractable Folding Knife somewhere in your tool kit. It’ll come in handy time and again. The blades are sharp but safe to change, and the grip is comfortable and very easy on the hand. And while we’re talking about ease, the OX Stubby Adjustable Wrench Jaw is designed with an extra short handle to make easy work of the trickiest to access areas you’ll ever encounter.

Or how about the OX Aluminium Hawk? It’s made from tempered aluminium which makes it a premium product and comes complete with a soft grip rubber handle for additional comfort. It not only looks sleek and polished, it’s going to last you a very long time.

Other OX hand tools include the Industrial Quality Pro Wire Snips that feature stainless steel serrated edged blades for increased cutting capacity, the Speedskim Flex Finishing Rule that’s specifically designed to enhance the quality of your finish, and the Semi Flexible Plastering Rule for use on ceilings, walls and floors.

How have OX managed to reach such high standards at such affordable prices? Well, it’s because they’ve considered the needs of their market by actually asking them, and fine-tuned their tools over time to make ongoing improvements. The technology is cutting edge, drawing on the expertise of US, German and other European tool designers. This company is an award winner, and we’d all agree it’s well deserved.

For all your OX tool requirements, take a look at our dedicated page with their full range of tools and latest offers. Stock up on OX tools and you can be confident with every new job that your kit won’t ever let you down!

Why Is Plastering Tape So Important?

Drywall Taping

There’s one thing you should never forget that when you’re plastering a wall – and that’s preparation. Preparation is everything.

A flawed surface underneath your handiwork is going to be much harder for you to cover. Get it right, or you won’t be able to guarantee to get that smooth professional finish you’re after.

Skip this step and you’ll spend far too long working to hide the dodgy joins that haven’t been properly prepared in the surface below. That’s why, whether you’re plastering a tiny patch of wall in the kitchen or a major commercial property, plastering tapes are going to be your all-round best friend.

Types Of Plastering Tape

Plastering tape comes in a few different types, making it suitable for the whole range of walls and surfaces you could ever find yourself drywalling. Basic drywall tape is usually made of paper, which means it’s easy to tear, flexible to use, and lightweight to apply.

When you’ve applied your jointing compound to fill the gap between plasterboard panels, a strip of drywall tape over the top ensures that the join doesn’t become visible again when the wall has dried. Perfect.

Scrim tape is very popular for beginners working with plasterboard, and it’s also a good all round tape. It has the added benefit that you don’t need to use jointing compound with it, so it’s less fiddly. Made of fibreglass, the construction is like an interwoven mesh of threads, which gives it the flexibility and strength you need, and it won’t bubble up or move around like some other tapes.

Lastly, we’d also highlight Wondertex metal angle tape which a superior style of tape that is reinforced with galvanised metal. This steel reinforcement gives the tape incredible rigidity and strength, making it perfect for finishing internal and external drywall corners.

With a specially-designed fold down its middle, this style of tape can be applied quickly and easily with the assurance each corner will be straight and sharp.

Find The Perfect Tape For The Job

When you’ve chosen the type of tape you need for this job, make sure you get the right width. Normally 1 to 2 inches is fine, but if you’re working on a bigger area, you can get much wider tapes. Ultimately you just want to keep the joins as tidy as you can, so speak to us for more guidance here if you need it.

You’ll learn by experience how to get the preparation right the first time, with just the right drywall and plastering tapes.

Experienced dryliners have their preferences, and some stick with tried and tested tapes they’ve used for years. Others experiment with new tapes as and when they come on the market. The important thing is to finish the join as if it was going to be on display – then the plastering on top will be a breeze!

Still need some guidance? Get in touch and we’ll be happy to help!